CrossOver 23.5.0 User Guide


CrossOver allows you to run Windows software on your Mac. Because CrossOver integrates the applications with macOS, games like Grand Theft Auto V, Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim Special Edition, and The Witcher 3: The Wild Hunt, or productivity apps like Quicken launch like any native program. It's as simple as a double-click.

System requirements

CrossOver system requirements:

Note: To ensure your macOS is compatible with CrossOver, consult the table near the bottom of our CrossOver page.

Installing CrossOver

    (1) Download the CrossOver installer from the CodeWeavers website.

    (2) Locate the file in Finder (usually in your Downloads folder).

    (3) Double-click to extract the zip file.


    (4) Double-click CrossOver to launch. When prompted, select Move to Applications Folder to install in Applications, or select Do Not Move to keep CrossOver in the current folder. If you don't want to see this prompt in the future, check Don't ask again. Our recommendation is to move to Applications.


Note: You can also drag and drop CrossOver to install it anywhere on your system. However, CrossOver is only available to all users on a machine when installed in the Applications folder.

Registering CrossOver

If you haven’t registered CrossOver it will start in trial mode. To continue using CrossOver in trial mode, click Try Now. The CrossOver trial has all the functionality of the full version. However, after 14 days, installed Windows applications are disabled. CrossOver periodically prompts you to register before the trial period ends.



Clicking Buy Now opens the CodeWeavers store. If you have already purchased CrossOver, click Register.

Clicking Buy opens the CodeWeavers store. If you have already purchased CrossOver, click Unlock with Purchase Info.

Unlocking with Email and Password

After startup, you can unlock CrossOver by going to CrossOver > Unlock CrossOver.


Enter the email address and password associated with your account in the CrossOver Trial dialog box and click Unlock.


Note: If unlocking for all users, you need your Mac username and password.

You can unlock CrossOver by going to the CrossOver main menu and selecting Unlock CrossOver.


Enter the email address and password associated with your account in the Unlock CrossOver dialog box and click Unlock.


Unlocking from the Command Line

To open the Unlock CrossOver dialog for a system-level install, use the following command:

$ sudo -H /Applications/

To open the Unlock CrossOver dialog for a user-level install, use the following command:

$ sudo -H ~/

Unlocking with an Activation Code

If you purchased CrossOver from, an activation code is not needed to register.

However, if you bought CrossOver from a third party and received an activation code, click Enter an Activation Code on the Unlock CrossOver dialog box.

However, if you bought CrossOver from a third party and received an activation code, click Enter an Activation Code on the CrossOver Trial dialog box.

To complete the Enter Activation Code form you will need to enter either your existing account information, or your email address and a new password to create a account.



Installing Windows Applications

CrossOver installs Windows applications into bottles. A bottle is a virtual Windows environment (e.g., Windows XP or Windows 10) with its own C: drive, fonts, registry, and software. You can install multiple programs into a bottle, but generally, CrossOver creates a new bottle for each application.

Keeping applications in separate bottles prevents them from interacting with or damaging one another. For instance, you could test out a new version of a particular program in one bottle while keeping your original one in another. Multiple bottles are also helpful whenever a specific application requires otherwise undesirable settings.


Applications generally fall into two categories:

Listed Applications

    (1) Type the application name in the search bar on the Install menu. CrossOver populates a list of applications matching the search criteria.


    (2) Click the application's tile to proceed to the install details. If the application is not listed, see the next section on installing an unlisted application.


Install Details

CrossOver automatically downloads the installer file and the required dependencies if an application is freely available on the internet. No further action is needed to configure your application once each install detail has a check mark. Click Install to proceed.


Editing Install Details

If CrossOver cannot obtain an installer file because it is unavailable for download or requires login credentials, you must provide the installer file location.

    (1) Click Edit to access your file system.


    (2) Navigate to the location of the installer file.

    (3) Select the file and click Choose Installer.


    (4) When CrossOver displays a check mark for each detail, click Install.


Note: You can also use the Edit buttons to override the default selections. Even when CrossOver downloads an installer automatically, you can click Edit to select a different installer that you have downloaded to your machine. You can also click the Edit button next to the bottle information if you wish to install your application into a different bottle type from the one CrossOver automatically selected.

Advanced Options

To access additional install options, click the dropdown menu to the right of Install and select Advanced Options.


Create log file - To create a debug log during installation of a Windows application, select Create log file. The Wine logging channels field is automatically populated with some of most useful logging channels. You can also manually enter different ones or click the plus sign to select channels from the menu. If you want to change the save location for the log file, click Change to select a new save location. Click Done to return to the Install screen.

Application language - If more than one language is available for an application, you can use the dropdown menu to change the language.

Items to install - Some Windows applications require the installation of additional dependencies to run well with CrossOver. Many of our install profiles select the required dependencies automatically. You can also add dependencies to install by clicking the + icon. To remove dependencies that CrossOver added, click the - icon next to the dependency name. To undo any changes, click Revert. Click Done to return to the Install screen.


Completing the Install

During installation, Windows software may prompt you for input (e.g., language selection, end-user license agreements). If you believe the install has frozen, look for dialog boxes from the Windows program before clicking Cancel in CrossOver. Canceling the install can result in an unrecoverable problem that requires you to delete the target bottle.

The program you are installing may require input to complete the setup. For example, when Notepad++ is finished installing, you must click Finish.


Once the application is installed, CrossOver creates an icon on the Home screen and in the bottle made for the application.

Unlisted Applications

Unlisted applications may not run correctly or at all. Therefore we recommend installing unlisted applications in a separate bottle. Installing an unlisted application into an existing bottle may cause other Windows applications in that bottle to behave incorrectly.

To install an unlisted application, from the Install screen, do the following:

    (1) Click Install an unlisted application.


    (2) Click Edit for installer file detail.


    (3) Navigate to the installer file location.

    (4) Select the installer file and click Choose Installer.


    (5) Click Edit for the bottle install detail.


    (6) Enter a name for the bottle in New Bottle Name.


    (7) Select a bottle type from the New Bottle Type menu.


Note: If you have difficulty installing an unlisted application, check the CrossOver Compatibility Center.

Applications without installers

Some Windows applications have standalone executables (.exe) that can be run without being installed. These programs can also be run with CrossOver.

(1) From the main menu, go to Bottle > New Bottle. Enter a name for the bottle, select a bottle type, and click Create.



(2) Select the bottle you just created in the left sidebar and then click Run Command.


(3) Click Browse, select the .exe you want to run and click Run.


(4) To make it easier in the future to run the application, you can click Save Command as a Launcher. This creates a launcher icon for the selected executable in your bottle. If the executable is moved or deleted, this launcher icon will stop working. Make sure the executable is saved somewhere that won’t change.


Running Windows Applications

To launch a Windows application from CrossOver, double-click the application icon. You can do this from the individual bottle view or the Home view.



The Home view displays icons for all installed Windows applications. This view can be customized to show only the icons that you want to see. To remove an icon, right-click and select Hide from Home.



Hiding an icon from the main menu does not delete the application from your disk or impact desktop integration.

To restore a hidden icon to your Home, select the bottle, right-click the icon and choose Show in Home.



Launchpad and Dock

When you install a Windows application, CrossOver creates an application icon in your Launchpad. Locate the Windows application icon in Launchpad and launch the program by double-clicking. You can also drag the Windows application icon from Launchpad, or from CrossOver's main window, to your Dock for easier access.

Note that when you launch a Windows application CrossOver will also open.




CrossOver integrates your Windows applications with your native desktop environment. For example, in hierarchical menu systems such as Xfce, CrossOver creates shortcuts in a menu called Windows Applications. In an environment like GNOME, use your desktop's search function to locate application shortcuts. If you cannot find a shortcut, run applications from CrossOver or use the command line.


Command Line

When you install CrossOver with the .bin package, it creates command-line shortcuts for starting applications in ~/ For example, if you installed Office 365, launch Microsoft Word from the command line by running:

$ ~/

Shortcuts for private bottles are in the directories specified in the PrivateShortcutDirs section of the cxoffice.conf file, while shortcuts for published bottles are in the ManagedShortcutDirs.

If the Windows application allows, you can open documents using the shortcut by specifying the document path as an argument. For instance:

$ ~/ letter.doc

To see the list of available shortcuts, use:

$ grep -l desktopdata/cxmenu ~/*

Using the command line to start a program launches the most recently installed version. So, for instance, if you install Word 2013 in one bottle and then install Word 2016 in another, the winword shortcut will start Word 2016.

Using wine --cx-app

To start an application using the --cx-app option, specify the bottle and the name of the executable. For example, Microsoft Word's executable is called winword.exe, so it is run with:

$ /Applications/ --bottle bottle-name --cx-app winword.exe

Or, for a single-user install:

$ ~/ --bottle bottle-name --cx-app winword.exe

Similarly, to open a Word document, run:

$ ~/ --bottle bottle-name --cx-app winword.exe letter.doc

For a complete list of applications that work with the --cx-app command, run this:

$ find "~/Library/Application Support/CrossOver/Bottles" -iname "*.exe"

Some .exe files on your system are system tools or subcomponents of other applications, and running them could cause unpredictable or destructive things to happen. Therefore, running a Windows application is never a good idea unless you understand its origins and purpose.

Working with Bottles

CrossOver installs Windows applications into bottles. A bottle contains a C: drive and all its standard folders (e.g., Windows and Program Files), as well as:

Unless you specify otherwise, CrossOver installs each application into a new bottle.

Multiple bottles are helpful when a particular application requires otherwise undesirable system settings. It is also possible to maintain bottles that emulate different Windows versions. For instance, an older application may run best in a Windows XP bottle, while a more modern one requires a Windows 10 bottle.

Bottle View

When a bottle is selected, CrossOver displays the Run with Options and Run Command buttons, and the Bottle Actions, Advanced Settings, Control Panels, and Bottle Details menus in the right sidebar.





Bottle Actions

Helpful shortcuts that allow you to manage a bottle's environment in CrossOver.




Advanced Settings


Control Panels

In addition to the tools installed along with Windows applications, CrossOver provides several built-in control panel tools.

System settings should be changed using the configuration tools available on your system because most Windows control panels are unsupported and often don't work as designed.


Bottle Details

Shows a list of Windows applications and components in a bottle. There is also a Description field where you can enter notes specific to this bottle.

To uninstall an application from a bottle, right-click on name of the application in the list and select Uninstall. Follow the Windows prompts to uninstall the application.

Note: This action is irreversible. If you delete an application that another application depends on, your entire bottle could stop working.


Bottle Commands via Main Menu

Additional bottle commands are available in the Bottle submenu via CrossOver's menu bar.









CrossOver preferences are available from the CrossOver > Preferences menu. These settings modify the behavior of CrossOver as a whole, affecting all bottles uniformly.

Preferences are stored separately for each user. Therefore, changing your preferences does not impact other users on your Mac.


Online Integration


System Integration

CrossOver creates icons for installed applications in the folder shown here. To change the folder, click the folder and choose a new location.


Installer Assistant



Clear and Rebuild Programs

This command recreates the Windows application icons that CrossOver generates when a program is installed. If you are trying to launch your Windows application from its icon in Launchpad or the Dock and nothing happens, use this menu option and see if the regenerated Windows application icon works again.



Repair Bottles

Antivirus software can incorrectly flag and delete CrossOver files, which results in CrossOver not working correctly. This command will rescan your bottles and attempt to repair the files that the antivirus program corrupted.

More details on how to prevent your antivirus software from mistakenly flagging CrossOver can be found be found by clicking the Learn More button or at this support article.



Check For Updates

CrossOver automatically checks for updates on launch, but you can also manually check for new releases from the CrossOver > Check For Updates menu. If a new update is available CrossOver will download it, apply the changes, and reopen. If there is an update available, but your license has expired, you will be prompted to visit the CodeWeavers store to renew.


CodeWeavers Support Page

For additional assistance with CrossOver, go to our Support page. It is accessible from the menu on the CodeWeavers website. In the upper right corner of the CodeWeavers website, expand the menu and click Support.


The support page contains tutorials and solutions to common questions for Mac (1), Linux (2), and ChromeOS (3), as well as a compatibility database (4) with application ratings and other relevant information.


CrossOver is a trademark of CodeWeavers, Inc. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds. Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. All other trademarks and registered trademarks are owned by their respective companies.

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